Homemade Baby Formula – The closest thing to breast milk?

Since our middle child Liesl was around 4 months, we have used a homemade baby formula I created to supplement breast milk feedings. Almost as an aside, I decided to share the goat milk formula recipe here on our blog in hopes of encouraging other parents and caregivers in their quest to give their little one what I considered to be the best food available next to mother’s milk.

The positive response to this homemade baby formula has been overwhelming! We have literally had thousands of parents flock to the formula. Some use the formula exactly as I wrote but we have also assisted many along their journey to adjust this homemade baby formula to fit the needs of their own little one. Nearly every parent who has tried some version of the goat milk formula has experienced amazing results.

Homemade Baby Formula Recipe: The Goal and the Challenge

When breast milk isn’t an option or supplementation to breastfeeding is needed, parents now have the choice to enjoy the many advantages making a homemade baby formula offers and avoid the nasty ingredients found in commercial formulas. Most commercial formulas amazingly come loaded with junk like corn syrup, GMO soy and vegetable oils, preservatives and other artificial ingredients.

My second goal in creating this homemade baby formula was to make the recipe resemble mother’s milk as closely as possible. However, mimicking breast milk is like trying to mimic the weather; it is constantly changing.

There is no standardized nutritional profile for breast milk.

I know, I know, we want a nice little nutrition facts panel that clearly details exactly the amounts of fat, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals, probiotics, bio-active components like nucleotides, cytokines, and growth factors in mother’s milk.

However, this is never going to happen.

There are literally huge changes in the composition of breast milk that make it impossible to give an exact nutritional profile.

The best we can do is analyze thousands of samples of breast milk for hundreds of different women at different times during their lactation taking into account such variables as time post-partum, minutes into feeding (foremilk vs hindmilk), ethnicity, region, age, diet, health status, etc. The list of variables needed to determine the nutritional profile of breast milk is mind-boggling.

However, we are not completely in the dark, we do have some detailed analysis that shows in every 8 ounces of milk on average breast milk contains the following nutrient profile. As a comparison, the nutrition data of the homemade baby formula recipe as prepared is also included.

Per 8 ounces Homemade Baby Formula Breast milk
Calories 163.3 165.6
Carbohydrates 17.5 17.5
Fat 9 9.3
Protein 4 3.3

So even though the nutritional composition of breast milk might vary (some estimate by as much as a factor of 3 during feeding!) we can get a general ballpark for where a baby formula should be nutritionally speaking. You can also see that the recipe I am about to share with you is very close in overall nutrient composition. Now on to the recipe!

The “Stout Sprouts” From left to right Liesl (8), Ellie (7), William (3), Jack (5), Charles (10), Eva (10)


Recipe for Homemade Baby Formula

(Note: The proportions listed are for making an 8 oz. bottle.)

CapraMilk - All natural premium whole goat milk powder

Whole Goat Milk Powder 1 level scoop (14 grams)

This is really where all the magic begins. Goat milk is a remarkable food in that it more closely resembles the protein, fat, and carbohydrate structure of breast milk than literally any other ingredient available. The benefits range from the nucleotide (DNA) structure of goat milk being as similar to breast milk to the presence of taurine in goat milk amounting to 20 times that of cow’s milk which is, not surprisingly, the same ratio found in breast milk

Capra Lactose - Goat Milk Lactose SugarGoat Milk Lactose – 1 tbsp. (12 grams)

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for baby and there is a fair amount of flexibility here. I prefer to use lactose as it is true “milk sugar”. Lactose is a combination of glucose and galactose which is perfect for an infants diet. Babies naturally produce excessive amounts of lactase, an enzyme used to digest lactose so the fit is natural. Also, lactose is really helpful in establishing Lactobacillus acidophilus (good bacteria) in the newly formed GI tract of your little one. Other good options for your carbohydrate sources are organic, raw turbinado sugar, organic maple syrup, brown rice syrup, and even cow milk lactose. Honey is not a good option as it is not recommended for babies less than 12 months old.

100% Grass-Fed Pastured Goat Milk Ghee Clarified butterGoat Milk Ghee ½ tsp.

This is one of nature’s greatest fat sources. Ghee is the clarified “butter oil” from goat milk cream and does not contain any of the allergens found in cow milk. Mt. Capra is currently the only company in the world producing this unique food. Saturated fat is extremely important for the brain development and overall health of your growing little one. The saturated fat in goat milk ghee is high in medium chain triglycerides (MCT’s) and because our goats are grass-fed, our ghee contains Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) as well as important fatty acids such as lauric acid which is found in high amounts in breast milk. Coconut oil is still a great option for the saturated fat category of the formula and can be used in the same amount as the goat milk ghee. Coconut oil was the most requested ingredient replacement question as it is unfortunately somewhat common as an allergen. We created our goat milk ghee to address this need and because this formula is meant to be a low-allergy option, the Goat Milk Ghee is a great tool for those little ones who are especially sensitive to the allergens found in coconut oil.

sunflower oil for infant formula goat milk Organic High Oleic – Sunflower Oil ¼ tsp

High Oleic Sunflower oil delivers more healthy fats, this time in the form of monounsaturated fats. High Oleic (not cheap standard) sunflower oil is the highest source of monounsaturated fatty acids available on the supermarket shelves. Olive oil is acceptable to use here if it is high quality and not adulterated with low-quality oils. High Oleic Sunflower oil is also a great source of naturally occurring Vitamin E.

Expeller Pressed Grapeseed Oil⅛ tsp

Grapeseed oil is present to deliver the essential fatty acid linoleic acid which is vital in infant nutrition. This is a polyunsaturated fatty acid that the body cannot produce on its own but is not in need of in large amounts. Commercial formula manufacturers pack their formulas with cheap canola/safflower oils that are high in linoleic acid but much higher than an infant needs for proper health. Since these oils are high in polyunsaturated Omega6 fatty acids, they tend to be inflammatory as opposed to the saturated/monounsaturated fatty acids. Since you are making your own formula, you get to add only the necessary amount of this essential fatty acid without flooding the formula with polyunsaturated fatty acids. You won’t find that level of flexibility in any prepackaged formula.

Wholesome Molasses for goat milk infant baby formula blog postUnsulphured Blackstrap molasses – ⅛ tsp

This thick black syrup is high in B vitamins, minerals, and is a natural source of iron. It also can help keep baby from getting constipated so be careful not to give too much! Make sure you get the unsulphured blackstrap molasses variety as it is far less processed.

Baby DHA for infant formulaDHA – Based on weight

DHA also is known as Docosahexaenoic acid is found in fish, algae and most importantly here, breast milk. It is not found in goat milk and is a required addition to the formula for its content of DHA as well as Vitamin D and Vitamin A. This is another ingredient that only needs to be added once per day based on the weight of baby.

NutriStart Multivitamin Powder for infant formulaVitamin/mineral supplement – ¼ tsp.

NutriStart Multivitamin Powder created by Rainbow Light®. This is a key ingredient to add to one bottle per day. Goat milk is naturally low in folic acid and iron and this multivitamin powder will help remedy that issue. Remember, that you only need to add this to one bottle per day as it will contain all the vitamins/minerals needed for that day. NutriStart Multivitamin Powder™ delivers key nutrients in optimal potencies and combinations for the special needs of young children. 100 mg vitamin C (250% DV), 400 IU vitamin D3 (100% DV), and 50 mcg vitamin K. Please don’t add this to every bottle.

Goat Milk ColostrumCapra Colostrum - Goat Milk Colostrum 174 g powder – 1 scoop (1,450 mg)

Mt Capra offers the only commercially available goat milk colostrumColostrum is the thick yellow fluid which is produced as a precursor to mother’s milk. It is found in humans, goats, and other mammals where it is produced by the mother for two days following birth. Colostrum can be described as a brilliantly designed transfer system which effectively “jump starts” a newborn’s undeveloped immune system. Colostrum adds many beneficial bioactive ingredients such as lactoferrin, cytokines, growth factors, and immunoglobulins. It only needs to be added once per day. Make sure to get the powdered version for easy mixing.

Infant probiotic strain – ⅛ tsp.

Infant formula probiotics homemadeProbiotics are naturally present in breast milk and there are several different strains that are perfectly designed for infants. Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, and Saccharomyces boulardii all have clinical research that shows safety in infants as well as many beneficial effects. I recommend the Garden of Life brand Primal Defense Kids but there are many high-quality infant probiotics available. Since most probably will only recommend them for kids 3 and up, I suggest only using half a dose but probiotics are amazingly safe and I would have no problem using the regular strength or even double the strength if the situation needed it. Remember, this ingredient only needs to be added only once per day and should be kept in cold storage until right before you add it to the bottle.

goat milk formula recipe card downloadI have spent many hours researching and refining this goat milk infant formula recipe. I have formatted it into a convenient recipe card size that is easily printable and comes with step by step instructions. It also has a conversions table so that you can mix 1 pint, 1 quart, and 1 gallon of the formula without doing a single calculation in your head. How’s that for convenience! 

I will send this free recipe to you instantly. All you have to do is join the Mt. Capra family ‘Inner Circle’ by putting your email in the form below and confirming your subscription. Don’t forget that you must confirm your subscription before the recipe will come. I also include a ton of useful and exclusive information that allows you to dig way deeper into this formula and become extremely informed. 

By the way, if the thought of sources each of these ingredients on your own is overwhelming, have no fear. We’ve done the heavy lifting for you! Our famous homemade baby formula recipe can now be purchased as a kit. Total retail value of kit is over $200! Kit contains all wholesome ingredients necessary to make the homemade goat milk formula at home.

goat milk homemade infant formula starter kit recipe
The Homemade Baby Formula Recipe Kit

This has been a homemade baby formula that has worked wonders for our daughter and I think it can work wonders for your children too! Please be sure to talk over the formula recipe with your doctor so he or she is aware of your choice.

I would love to hear your feedback in the comment section.

Here’s to your health!

Joe Stout, MS

Questions about the homemade baby formula? Check out the Frequently Asked Questions.

FYI: Liesl (now 8 years old) is in the back on the right and now her little sister Josephine (on mama’s lap) is on the same homemade baby formula recipe!

joe stout family

Joe Stout, MS

Joe and his wonderful bride Elizabeth have been married for over 12 years and have been blessed with 7 (soon to be 8) beautiful children. Joe has earned both Masters and Bachelors of Science Degrees in Human Nutrition. Along with running the farm, he has engaged in graduate studies of Sustainable Food Systems and is also certified in Permaculture Design.

533 comments on “Homemade Baby Formula – The closest thing to breast milk?

  1. Hello, what are the modifications for a 1-year old (taking into account the new formulation)? I saw somewhere that I can remove all the oils/ghee but do I still add molasses? What about the various vitamins/supplements?
    Thank you!

    • Hi Camilla. By 12 months of age you can start increasing the amount of milk powder that you add to the formula. As you increase the milk powder you can decrease the added fats/oils as the milk powder has both protein and fat. By 12 months you can add a full 2 scoops of milk powder per 8 oz. bottle. It would probably be a good idea to keep adding the vitamins/molasses/DHA to baby’s bottle.

      • Hi! Does that mean we can eliminate the oils – coconut, sunflower & grapeseed? And only retain the vitamins, probiotics, DHA & molasses? What about maple syrup? TIA!

  2. There are no words to describe how thankful I am for this company and for what it has done for my son. My milk supply wasn’t the greatest, therefore I had to supplement. I was using formula for about three months and my sons digestion was horrible. Thank God for goat milk and probiotics! I do have a question though. Instead of the sunflower oil, I’ve been using avocado oil. He seems to be doing fine on it what are your thoughts about this oil? And also, instead of the ghee, i’ve been doing coconut oil. Are these oil’s OK?

      • Joe, I think you may have not seen my question. I am substituting sunflower oil for avocado oil and instead of ghee I am using coconut oil. What are your thoughts about using these oils instead. Also, my son is 10 months old, do I need to change anything. Currently, when I make a 16 oz bottle, I am doing 2 scoops of goat milk, 2 TBS of lactose , 1 tsp of avocado oil, and 1/4 tsp of black-strap molasses. Do I need to change the amounts in any of this? When I make a baby bottle for him, that’s when I add in the DHA, probiotics, and vitamins but I only do that once a day, in the evening.

        • Hi Summer, sorry about missing your question there. Yes avocado oil is fine to use as is coconut oil. I would add a 1/8 teaspoon of grapeseed oil to ensure baby is receiving enough linoleic acid. All the other ingredients are still good to use and don’t need to be changed.

  3. Hello-
    I’m wondering about adding a small amount of organic sunflower lecithin to the formula so that the oils mix in more thoroughly. Any thoughts on doing this? Thanks!

  4. Can I please get a recipe card? I have an older version from 2015 when I made goats milk formula for my son. Now I have a 6 month old and would like to try her on the updated recipe. Thanks!

  5. We used this formula for the first 6 months of her life. AMAZING! She loved it. I loved it.
    She NEVER got sick – even when both dad and I got the flu and she DIDNT!! Wow! Thank you so much.

  6. I keep seeing reference to the new formula and its adjustment for a 1 yr old. My son is 14 months and transitioning from breast milk to this formula. What are the adjustments I need to make for the correct nutritional balance?

    Thank you

    • Hi Chris. At 14 months you son can drink the goat milk without diluting it at all. This would be two level scoops (28g) per 8 oz bottle. You may still add the vitamins and DHA etc. as these are excellent ingredients to keep in his diet.

  7. My daughter in law was supplementing with this formula in addition to breastfeeding (she unfortunately had an inadequate supply). Now she has stopped completely and baby is not sleeping well or pooping easily. I don’t believe she was using the probiotics or DHA or colostrum in her recipe because she was still nursing. Can we add those things now? Or is it too late? My grandson is 6 months old now. Gainining weight and meeting all milestones. He’s a happy baby except during the night when trying to sleep or trying to go. We have on occasssion added more molasses and less goats milk powder per a suggestion you made to another comment. But it doesn’t seem to help. We just started to give him some diluted prime juice suggested by the doctor. And again, seems this coincided with her completely stopping the breast milk.

    • Yes, you can and should add those items to the recipe. It is most important now that your daughter-in-law is no longer breastfeeding. The prune juice should certainly help with his constipation.

  8. Me again. First, let me thank you for existing. And for taking the time to respond to questions. You have truly been extremely helpful.
    I would like a recipe card for a 6 month old please. And also, at what age does the recipe change?
    With regard to the colostrum, you say to make sure and get the powdered form but all I see are capsules and the recipe above says ‘1 scoop’.
    Thanks so much Jeff.

  9. Hi! Will you please send me the recipe card? I’m using raw goats milk but I need to add oils and think your recipe is my best option.

  10. I currently have my baby on a sensitive cows milk formula can you recommend modifications to your recipe for a more sensitive digestive system as I tried it when she was 3 mo old and it didn’t agree with her system, now at 6 mo I want to try again but thinking reduced lactose will help? Thanks!

    • Certainly try the formula again without the lactose, especially if you suspect that ingredient. Keep in mind, though, that you are taking some calories out of the formula, and those calories will need to be replaced by other foods or liquids, either given along with the modified formula, or separately.

  11. Can I please get a recipe card for my newborn? He’s not even a week old yet so I wasn’t sure if all the ingredients listed are okay for his age. I read in some comments that the cut the oils in half and weren’t giving molasses. Is it okay to make the formula as directed for a newborn with using the meyenberg whole milk powder?

  12. Would you use the same formula for a 1 or a 3 year old? What do you have your children drink? I am in need of a milk substitute for both of my girls.

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