Goat Milk Infant Formula – Frequently Asked Questions

This follow up post is meant as a general FAQ or sorts so that when concerned moms, dads, and doctors email me they can save themselves some time by checking so of the most frequently asked questions. A quick note before we begin, my initial advice over these many months has always been the same, I am not a doctor and cannot give medical advice. Parents, please keep your own doctor informed regarding what you are doing so they can monitor growth and health of your new baby.

With that disclaimer out of the way let’s get started.

Where is my Recipe Card?

Did you sign up for the newsletter? It goes out automatically once you confirm your subscription. 

How long will the formula last once in the fridge?

Use the formula as quickly as possible and try to not let it go beyond 2 days. 3 days would be the max. How much you are feeding will determine how much you should make ahead.

How long can the formula be out of the refrigerator once it is made?

The rule of thumb for all prepared foods is to not let the food stay out for more than 4 hours at room temperature. I recommend playing it safe and not letting this extend beyond 3 hours. Once baby is done with his/her bottle, put it in the refrigerator as quickly as possible.

I want to take the formula with me traveling. What tips do you have for making the formula while “on the road.”

In order to do this right you only need 3 simple things. A thermos of “hot” water, an eight ounce bottle and a sealable jar/container. Place all of your dry ingredients in the 8 oz baby bottle and fill a sealable jar/container with 4 parts ghee, 2 parts sunflower oil, 1 part grapeseed oil, and 1 part blackstrap molasses. Now when you are ready to mix the formula, simply add your water to the dry ingredients, add 1 teaspoon of your “liquid cocktail”, shake, and viola! You’re ready to go.

I want to use liquid/raw goat milk in my formula instead of the powder. How should the recipe be modified?

The ratio is easy ratio to remember: 1:1.

It is a 1:1 ratio of milk to water. 4 ounces milk  to 4 ounces of warm water and everything else in the recipe stays the same.

Warning: I LOVE raw milk. I completely believe that it is superior to pasteurized milk. However, I don’t recommend using raw goat milk in the infant formula for one very important reason. While raw milk can be incredibly healthy, it can also be incredibly dangerous. I am specifically referring to raw milk that has been improperly handled. Dirty raw milk will get you sicker quicker than anything! Babies especially are even more susceptible to kind of food borne illness. Please keep your little one safe. This formula is meant to mimic raw milk (probiotics, food based vitamins/minerals, unprocessed fats, etc.) without the risks that raw milk comes with such as campylobacter, salmonella, e. coli, and listeria poisoning. Consider a basic risk assessment. In my opinion, the cons outweigh the pros in using raw milk.

I want to use this formula for – insert age here . Can I do this?

Interestingly enough when I first developed this formula I was recommended parents hold off until baby was a few months old. However, we have been constantly updating and improving the formula and have had such overwhelmingly great feedback for all ages between newborn and 1 year that I feel comfortable recommending the formula to all ages. I never get tired of saying this though, keep your doctor in the loop.

Where should I buy all the other ingredients?

Amazon, your local grocery store, etc. are all great places to find the more common ingredients like molasses and oils. If you really want easy you can simply purchase the goat milk formula kit we offer. Total retail value of kit is over $200 and contains all the wholesome ingredients necessary to make the formula at home.

Do we use the multivitamins/probiotics in every bottle we make?

No. Just include those nutrients in one bottle per day and your baby will receive his/her needed vitamins and probiotics.

I thought goat milk was low in folic acid and vitamin b12?

You are right. (good job!) That is why we add the multivitamin drops.

The directions on the milk powder says I should use 2 scoops but your recipe only calls for one. Why is that ?

A baby under 12 months old still has developing kidneys. Straight, “full strength” goat milk powder uses two scoops. There is simply too much protein and naturally occurring sodium in that amount of milk powder for the maturing kidney’s of a baby to handle. Therefore we reduce the amount of milk powder to reduce the amount of protein. We then increase the amount of carbohydrates to make up for what we’ve taken out.

Is my baby getting enough iron with this formula?

Yes and here is why. When a baby is born full term they usually have a 6 month supply of iron that they have stored up while still in the womb. Therefore, from 0-6 months, the iron requirement for infants is only .27 mg/day. After six months however, the requirement jumps up to 11 mg for babies between 7 -12 months and then drops back down to 7 mg/day for toddlers 1-3 years of age. (The iron RDA won’t go back up to 11mg/day until your son or daughter is a teenager.) The formula that I created will deliver 0.5mg iron/100 calories of formula. Usually by the time a baby gets to 6 months, they begin eating a variety of solid foods and as long as parents are careful to include iron rich foods (winter squash, sweet potato etc.) along with vitamin C rich fruits and vegetables (vitamin C assists with iron absorption) supplementing with iron drops shouldn’t be necessary. However if you choose to supplement with iron drops remember that often these can cause constipation.

My baby just started the formula and loves it! He seems constipated though. Should I be worried?

It is very common for slight constipation to occur when switching to formula. There are several easy fixes that will help the transition. First, give them time to adjust on their own. The digestive system of a infant does not react as quickly as a mature digestive system to changes in diet and sometimes all the baby needs is a little more time to regulate on their own. If however it seems that they need a little help you can do one of two things. First, add less milk powder to the formula. Instead of using 1 scoop per bottle use 3/4 of a scoop and let the formula be a bit watered down for a day or two. This will usually clear things up and then you can go back to the regular recipe. Another trick is to add a generous amount of blackstrap molasses to the formula, blackstrap molasses is a natural laxative. The recipe calls for 1/8 of a teaspoon of molasses but feel free to use double, triple or even quadruple that for a short period of time to help clear up the constipation.

I’m using goat milk powder from Meyenberg. Is that okay? Does it change the formula?

Yes this is okay.  Please don’t use the liquid goat milk Meyenberg offers at your local grocery store. It has been ultra-pasteurized (UHT) which gives it a much longer shelf life but drastically decreases the digestibility of the milk. Ultra-pasteurization ultimately makes food a nutritional wasteland.  If UHT goat milk is it is your only option temporarily, don’t worry, it will work but get a high quality goat milk powder or find a liquid pasteurized variety is still be much better than cow milk but it is the least desirable for your infant formula.

The vitamin powder says 6-12 months but my baby is less than 6 months. What should I do?

Marketing anything for babies under 6 months carries a lot of liability for manufacturers and therefore they are often unwilling to place written recommendation on their labeling that recommends infants less than 6 months use the product. There isn’t any ingredients that would be dangerous for a baby less than 6 months therefore I have not problem giving baby the vitamin powder. As always, keep your doctor in the loop so they can be aware of any special considerations your baby may need.

Another formula I researched contain raw liver, nutritional yeast, acerola powder, egg yolks, beef gelatin, etc.? Why don’t you recommend these ingredients.

The formula I’ve created is meant to be a simple wholesome formula that is both affordable, practical, and scientifically/nutritionally sound. The more I have studied these formulas that include such things as raw liver and nutritional yeast (yuck) the more I am convinced that they are lacking in key micronutrients. Regardless, including all those extra ingredients simply keeps the formula to far out in left field for most people including myself to actually use. Making your own formula out home is already a big commitment. If it is going to require several extra steps, rely on questionable ingredients, AND still be nutritionally unsound, then I am not much of a fan.

I’m stressing out that I won’t make this formula right. I want it to be perfect for my baby!

I do too! Developing infants need a lot of wholesome nutrition in their first year of life but we sometimes forget how resilient the growing body is to various forms of nutrition. Breast milk alone is obviously the gold standard but the nutritional composition varies wildly from week to week, day to day, and even hour to hour. Therefore don’t stress out about every little microcosm of the formula. If you baby gets a little more oil in a bottle then the recipe calls for, don’t worry about it. Breast milk fat, lactose (carbs), and protein go up and down a lot over the course of the first year of babies life. If you forget to add the vitamins, stay calm, it’s not the end of the world. You baby will be fine. Just follow the recipe as closely as you can and your baby will do great! Good job giving your baby the best formula available!

Q. Does the formula require any changes as my child gets older?

No the formula is designed for use until baby reaches 12 months. However the beauty of making your own formula means you have the ability to change the formula as you and your doctor see fit. As your infant grows into a toddler his kidneys develop and mature so that he is able to handle the higher protein content in goat milk. Between the age of 10-12 months, if you should so choose, you can begin to transition your baby to a high concentration of goat milk powder. Instead of only 1 level scoop of milk powder per 8 fl oz you can begin putting 1 scoop + 1/3 scoop milk powder. As you gradually increase the milk powder, you should gradually decrease the added carbohydrates and fats as the milk contains carbohydrates and fats to compensate. The table below will gives an example of how you might choose to transition your child whole milk version of CapraMilk.


Milk Powder




9 months

1 scoop

1 tbsp

1/2 tsp ghee
1/4 tsp sunflower oil
1/8 tsp grapeseed oil

8 ounces

10 months

1 scoop.

+ 1/3 scoop

2 tsp.

1/2 tsp ghee
1/8 tsp sunflower oil
1/8 tsp grapeseed oil

8 ounces

11 months

1 scoop.

+ 2/3 scoop

1 tsp.

1/4 tsp ghee
1/8 tsp sunflower oil
1/8 tsp grapeseed oil

8 ounces

12 months

2 scoops



8 ounces

594 thoughts on “Goat Milk Infant Formula – Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Maria says:

    Is there an alternative to the lactose? My baby has a lot of gas and I am wondering if it’s from the lactose.

  2. Jessica Gaines says:

    We’re using goat milk (not the powder) and following the modified version of the recipe (1:1 ratio of milk to water), but I just realized, after my baby’s very watery poo today, the she’s receiving twice as much liquid using this recipe than she would if we were using the powder. This seems like an issue to me. What are your thoughts on this? Many thanks!

  3. Myiesha Demery-Warden says:

    Hi Joe. My child was born prematurely and placed on Neosure after sometime on donor milk. The neosure and her doc calls for a fortified recipe to make the formula 24 cals per oz. How do I ensure my child is getting this per oz with your recipe? Also what is the total per oz caloric content of your recipe?

    • Joe Stout, MS says:

      Hi Myiesha, our recipe is 20 Calories per ounce. To bump that up to 24 Calories per ounce in an 8 ounce bottle simply add an extra 1/8 tsp sunflower oil + 1/4 tsp ghee.

      • Myiesha says:

        Thanks Joe. I’m using coconut oil until I receive the ghee. Would the bump up amount be the same? 1/4th teaspoon.

          • Myiesha says:

            Hi Jeff. Thank you. Could I get a recipe card for my daughter she is a 1 month adjusted preemie. 3 months unadjusted. I’ve been giving her the general formula but when calculating the protein requirenents for equivalency to her neosure formula your formula falls almost 50% short per oz. I started with meyenberg but will purchase capra once finished. I would have to use 8 scoops of meyenberg to gain the proper protein nurtrients. Which from my reading is too much for an infant to handle. Do you have nutritional values for the formula? If so could I get them. In addition to the receipe card for her age. I’ve waited a while for the card, and asked several times. Thank you in advance.

  4. Sam says:

    I want to say thank you guys so much for such a wonderful product! It was such a huge relief for me especially knowing that I can use the goat milk powder to make supplement bottles for my little one. My question is, if I am still giving him breastmilk, is it ok that in his bottles I just use your powder and add probiotics? Or is he missing out by me not adding the other ingredients at all?

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      Hello, Sam. The recipe is designed to provide 100% of your baby’s nutritional needs, assuming he/she is receiving ONLY the recipe and no other milk or other formula. If you are mixing breastfeeding with the recipe formula, you may reduce the amount of other ingredients according to the ratio of breast milk to goat milk formula. For example, if you are feeding 50% breast milk and 50% goat milk formula, you can reduce the amount of other ingredients in the formula by 50% (not including the actual milk powder itself). Having said that, there is no harm in making up the formula as written – that is, exactly as the recipe describes – and giving that to your child, no matter how much breastfeeding you are actually doing.

  5. alexandra bucci says:

    when using a liquid form of goat milk, how would you change the ratio from 1:1 at 10, 11 and 12 months to coincide with increasing the powdered goat milk?

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      There is no set standard for increasing the ratio of fresh milk to water. ‘Full strength’ goat milk from powder equals 2 tbsp of powder (i.e., 6 teaspoons) per 8 oz. of water. When using our CapraMilk powder, the formula recipe calls for an additional teaspoon of powder at the 10th month (i.e., a total of 4 teaspoons per 8 oz. of water), then an additional 2 tsp at the 11th month (total of 5 teaspoons), then ‘full strength’ goat milk powder (2 tbsp or 6 teaspoons) at the 12th month. Essentially, you’re adding 1/6th more powder each month for 3 months. When it comes to fresh milk, you could reduce the amount of water-to-fresh milk by approximately 3 oz. each month until you’re using full strength fresh milk at the 12th month.

  6. Stefanie says:

    I have seen two different recipe cards. One calls for Sunflower oil and one calls for Okive Oil. What is the difference for the formula and is one recommended more highly than the other?

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      Some time ago we replaced the olive oil with sunflower oil, simply because sunflower oil contains more linoleic acid per serving. Olive oil is good…sunflower oil is better. : – )

        • Jeff Andersen says:

          We’ve just pushed out a new version of the recipe that adds 1/8 tsp of grapeseed oil to the recipe. This, in addition to the existing sunflower oil, provides sufficient CLA (which the ghee alone will not fulfill). If a person wished to eliminate the sunflower oil entirely, they would need to ADD 1 tsp of grapeseed oil (in place of the sunflower oil) to the (newly existing) recipe quantity of 1/8 tsp of grapeseed oil.

          • Myiesha says:

            Could i please get the receipe card for a 3 month, 1 month adjusted infant? Ive asked so many times. And been really patient ????

  7. Lacie Petersen says:

    My daughter seems to be gagging/choking on the formula. Any suggestions? I read that this could be from the oil’s. But I cannot find a solution to the problem.

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      Try making a bottle without the ghee and the sunflower oil, and see how she does. This can’t be a long-term solution, though, as she needs the calories in those fat sources. If she stops gagging with the new bottle, gradually introduce a small amount of the oils back into the formula over a 3 to 4-day period, adding in more each day until the recipe is restored to the full amount of oils.

      • Myiesha says:

        Hi Jeff. My daughter was born premature at 32.5 weeks and is now 4 months on the 28th. Uncorrected. I signed up for the capra community a while back and am still awaiting my receipe card. Could I please get one?

        My daughter gets extremely gassy with this recipie. The gas pains are out of this world. 2 culprits as I see it, the yeast or the coconut oil. I removed the yeast and shes still extremely gassy. I am using coconut oil instead of ghee. Do you believe the oil to be the cause? Will the ghee will be less gassy and until I purchase it any suggestions on using til i get the ghee? I would like to add the yeast back as it provides some protein and the needed folate.

        Lastly I’ve been using this formula for about 3 weeks now. When do you begin to add more goat milk powder?

        Thank you,


  8. Michelle says:

    My 2 month old started vomiting on this formula but instead of the ghee I used coconut oil and I’m thinking that’s what he didn’t like…is there something other than coconut oil I could use until I can get the ghee?

  9. Anna says:

    My baby is 4 months and we’ve been using your formula recipe for 3 months now. Since she was born she has spit up a lot after eating. I was worried that maybe she was sensitive to something in the formula but even when I give her donor milk she spits up about the same. I’ve heard people use rice cereal to thicken formula and that helps some babies keep it down. I don’t want to use rice. My question is do you have any suggestions for a something a little better nutritionally that I can use to thicken the formula to see if that will help her not spit up as much?

    • Joe Stout, MS says:

      Hi Anna,

      I haven’t recommended any thickeners really. Spit up management is usually centered around keeping baby calm during feeding and not agitated. Making sure baby is being burped frequently and that baby’s tummy is not pressed on. You could add a bit more lactose to thicken the formula but not to much because you don’t want the carbohydrates in lactose to push out the other nutrients like fat/protein the formula is delivering. Sorry to not have a magic bullet.

  10. Cathy Carey says:

    I’m using Meyerberg goat’s milk that already has Vit D and Folic Acid. Do I still give the vitamins daily (in one bottle)?

  11. Anna says:

    Hello! I have asked several questions in these comments. Thank you so much for your guidance! I have two more questions.
    Q1. I’ve ran out of lactose and need to supplement either rice syrup or maple syrup for a few days until my order arrives with more lactose. Is there one that you recommend over the other? How much do I use in an 8 oz bottle to replace the lactose?
    Q2. I always seem to run our of the lactose first. I still of nearly two weeks supply of the milk powder. Is that normal?
    Thank you!

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      We recommend using the maple syrup as it is much less likely to be an allergenic. Substitute 1 tablespoon maple syrup for each tablespoon of lactose you would have used. Regarding how you seem to run out of lactose…that is a bit out of the ordinary, but no serious cause for concern. It may mean that you’re measuring out a bit more lactose than you think each time you make the recipe.: – )

  12. Melissa says:

    How long is the powdered milk good for after being reconstituted, with no other ingredients. My son is almost 19 months and drinking just the milk itself now.

  13. Mika says:

    Do you have a recipe to make 32 oz of formula? Is it ok to make a batch rather then make single 8 oz bottles 🙂 Can the formula be frozen prior to using? And if so for how long? Thanks!

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      32 oz. = 1 quart, and the recipe for that amount is shown on the card. In case you don’t have a recipe card, we’re sending you one. You can certainly make larger batches, and the formula can be frozen, for at least 2 weeks. : – )

  14. wrstarling says:

    We are loving your goat milk formula, but are having issues with the vitamin bottle. The vitamins clog up the nipple and our baby can’t suck anything down unless we strain the bottle to get the residual vitamin pieces out. I am afraid that by doing this our baby isn’t getting the full amount of vitamins/probiotics he needs. Is there a liquid mulitvitamin you would recommend? Or any other suggestions?

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      Try grinding the vitamin powder more thoroughly before adding it into the liquid, and using a blender to mix the entire formula. You may wish to use nipples with larger holes, which are available at most stores.

      We know of no liquid brand vitamin that is an exact replacement…however, you might wish to check out the offerings from Maxi Life or Nature’s Baby Plex.

  15. Jennifer says:

    Hi there ! I am on my way to the grocery store now to purchase the stuff for this amazing formula. My daughter is 4 months and is sensitive to dairy and has had a terrible terrible cold for 6 weeks. Prob allergic to some Nast ingredient . She won’t drink her nasty formula anymore bc well I don’t blame her ! It’s that hypoallergenic kind that’s taste vile. So I am gonna give this a shot. I have a few questions
    1) can you send me a formuka card for a 4 month old who is drinking 4 oz (if 8 oz is the smallest measurement that’s ok ) and also for making the 32 oz batch.

  16. Meg says:

    I’m using recipe similar to this as well as taking notes from this formula and the ingredients. The oils it calls for is avacado and coconut oil as well as coconut sugar instead of lactose. Can you shed some light on the difference? My baby is spitting it up and I’m trying to find the culprit. Thank you for your help and for all this info!

    • Joe Stout, MS says:

      Hi Meg. What recipe are you using? Not totally sure as to the spit up but some kiddos don’t take well to the coconut ingredients (this is why I recommend lactose and ghee). The avocado oil shouldn’t be causing an issue but you might try some high-oleic sunflower oil instead of avocado as the there aren’t as many polyunsaturated fatty acids. Also reducing the overall fat in the formula slightly (and temporarily) can help baby’s GI tract to adjust.

  17. Elaine says:

    What vitamins do you recommend for those w MTFHR mutations? I can not give my child folic acid in that form and your formula calls for it. Thanks in advance!

  18. Kama says:

    I’ve noticed some other goat formula recipes state that it’s okay to make larger batches and freeze if needed. Would it be possible to freeze this in small portions to thaw as needed? We have a long drive to daycare and I normally take little mans breast milk frozen in a cooler, and then they thaw it out throughout the day. My supply has dropped drastically so I’m trying to find a replacement option. Little man is allergic to cow milk, but has seemed to do okay with goat.

    Also, regardless, can you email me the recipe card?

  19. Kris says:

    Hi there, firstly, I just wanted to thank you for making this recipe so easily available. I really appreciate it. My son has been drinking this formula for over a month now, and he’s no longer insanely constipated and crying with every poop, which makes my heart so happy. I do find I need to add extra molasses to the formula though to keep him a bit more regular – is this okay for a longer term solution? Is too much molasses a bad thing?
    As well, I’m trying to figure out how much to give him to make sure he’s getting enough. He’s 7.5 months and I give him 32oz a day, but if it’s closer to breastmilk then should I be giving him more?

    • Jeff Andersen says:

      Hi, Kris. Sorry for taking so long to respond. Extra molasses for the long term is OK, but you may find that as your son’s digestive tract becomes more regular, you can slowly cut back on the molasses. Too much of ANYTHING is not good, so we of course do not recommend you give him large amounts of molasses. Regarding the quantity of formula to give him: you can give him as much as he wants, until your doctor says he is getting too much food / putting on too much weight. The recipe has everything he needs to thrive on up thru the toddler years. Of course, we expect that you are beginning to introduce him to solid food, and that will gradually take the place of the formula.

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